This Day in History — September 12
Wednesday, September 12, 2018
Today is the 255th day of 2013. There are 110 days left in the year.
1988: Hurricane Gilbert slams into Jamaica with torrential rains and winds of 233 kph (145 mph), killing 45 people and causing damage estimated at $1 billion.
1609: English explorer Henry Hudson sails into the New York river that now bears his name.
1801: Alexander I of Russia announces annexation of Georgia.
1848: Switzerland adopts new constitution as a federal union with strong central government.
1938: In a speech in Nuremberg, Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia.
1943: German paratroopers take Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he is being held by the Italian government.
1953: Massachusetts Senator John F Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier in Newport, Rhode Island.
1958: The US Supreme Court, in Cooper v Aaron, unanimously rules that Arkansas officials who were resisting public school desegregation orders could not disregard the high court's rulings.
1959: The Soviet Union launches its Luna 2 space probe, which made a crash landing on the moon. The TV Western series Bonanza premiered on NBC.
1959: Soviet Union launches Luna 2, the first spacecraft to reach the moon.
1974: Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by a military junta.
1977: South African black student leader Steven Biko dies while in police custody, triggering an international outcry.
1980: Turkish military seizes power and keeps it until 1983.
1990: President Alberto Fujimori's government turns down a US offer of $35.9 million for anti-drug counter-insurgency operations in Peru.
1991: Scores of Iraqi soldiers along the Iraq-Saudi Arabian border are buried alive by US tanks that pushed tons of sand and earth into their trenches during the Persian Gulf war.
1994: In Poland, NATO soldiers and former East Bloc nations hold first joint manoeuvres.
1995: The Belarusian military shoots down a helium balloon during an international race, killing its two American pilots.
1997: Six Lebanese soldiers and one civilian are killed when Israel launches rockets at Lebanese army positions in south Lebanon.
1999: Indonesia says it will accept a peacekeeping force in East Timor, which was ravaged by Indonesian-controlled militias after residents voted for independence.
2000: A suspected car bomb rips through an underground garage in the Jakarta Stock Exchange building, killing 15 people and injuring dozens more.
2003: The UN Security Council votes to lift sanctions against Libya that had been in place for 11 years as a response to the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.
2004: Hurricane Ivan heads toward western Cuba and the southeastern United States after battering the Cayman Islands with ferocious 150-mph (240-kph) winds, killing at least 60 across the Caribbean.
2005: Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe quietly adopts constitutional changes that make it easier for the state to seize private property and prevent opponents from traveling abroad to criticise his 25-year rule.
2006: Syrian guards foil an attempt by suspected al-Qaeda-linked militants to blow up the US Embassy in Damascus, exchanging fire outside the compound's walls.
2010: Chile's mining minister acknowledges that a problem has stalled the most advanced of three tunnels being drilled to 33 miners trapped underground and says officials might have to restart the bore hole in another location.
2017: Crews work to repair the lone highway connecting the Florida Keys, where 25 per cent of the homes were feared to have been destroyed by Hurricane Irma; more than nine million Floridians, or nearly half the state's population, were still without power in the late-summer heat. Gay rights pioneer Edith Windsor, whose landmark Supreme Court case struck down parts of a federal anti-gay-marriage law, dies in New York at the age of 88.
France's King Francis I (1494- 1547); Herbert Henry Asquith, British prime minister (1852- 1928); Maurice Chevalier, French actor-entertainer (1888-1971); Alfred Knopf, US publisher (1892-1984); Jesse Owens, US athlete (1913- 1980); Ian Holm, English actor (1931-); Linda Gray, US actress (1940-) — AP